The Spanish region of Andalusia is internationally surrounded by Gibraltar and Portugal, as well as the autonomous communities of Castile-La Mancha, Murcia, and Extremadura. Today, it is renowned for being one of the 17 autonomous regions of Spain, however; it hasn’t always been this way.
Ask anyone what they think of when someone says 'Spain' and I can promise you that it will most likely have something to do with flamenco or bullfighting. What if I told you that these things aren't really 'Spanish' as such, in fact, they are Andalusian.
Blas Infante is coined as the founder of Andalusian nationalism and affectionately known as the “father of Andalusia”. He is the creator of the Andalusian flag and the author of the regional anthem, “Himno de Andalucía”. The anthem, which was released just a week before the outbreak of the Civil War, is rooted in a religious song of the peasants.
The anthem encourages the Andalusian people to push for “land and freedom”.
The Day of Andalusia (Día de Andalucía) commemorates the anniversary of the referendum held on February 28, 1980. On this day, the Andalusian people voted in favour of making Andalusia an autonomous region of Spain.
The referendum was due to be held in 1936, but the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War put a halt to these plans, pushing it back by nearly half a century.